Your foundation is one of the most important structures of the home, so if you’re facing a foundation repair project this spring, it’s normal to feel a little apprehensive. As with many difficulties, one of the first things you can do is arm yourself with some knowledge of the problem.

In this article, you will learn about why your basement might be cracking and the various repair options available to you. With this information in mind, you can find the right basement waterproofing solution for your home. Let’s get started! 

Identify the Cause of Your Problem

The type of repair method you choose will depend on where your foundation is cracking and what causes the cracks. For example, foundation cracks in your basement floor requires a completely different approach than cracks in the foundation wall, but we will get to those specifics later. For now, let’s explore the different causes of foundation cracking:

  • Shrinkage: After your concrete foundation is laid, shrinkage might occur as it dries. This causes small cracks that begin near the floor and usually do not reach the top of the foundation.

  • Settling:As the house settles, you might notice cracks that are wider at the top and may or may not reach to the bottom of the foundation. 

  • Cold Pour: If you notice horizontal seams on your foundation that angel upward, this usually means something went wrong during the pouring of your foundation. When one load of concrete begins to harden before the next load is poured, these seams can result, leading to leakage.

  • Structural Cracks: The most severe cracks are structural and can be identified by bowing walls as well as cracks that run vertically or horizontally. Unlike other types of foundation cracks, these jeopardize the structural integrity of the home.

Choose the Right Foundation Repair Method

First, are you dealing with cracks to your basement wall or floor? Floor cracks don’t usually leak, but they still need to be repaired. This involves installing a below floor drainage system or sump pump repairSealing a basement floor can be difficult, however, there are some innovations in this regard that make basement waterproofing much more effective and long-lasting than in times past. Additional factors include:

  • Ground Pressure: Epoxy is an effective way to fix foundation cracks, unless you live in an area with higher ground pressure. Ground pressure pushes against the foundation walls, leading to future cracks that epoxy will not prevent.

  • Previous Repairs:Previously repaired cracks involve more preparation, like removing previous repair materials and starting afresh. Resealing can be a more intensive process, and it’s important that the job is done right, or you’ll end up repairing the same cracks over and over.

  • Foundation Material:Concrete is a solid substance, so cracks can be repaired easily using an injectable flexible urethane sealant. Brick and stone foundations are made of many small pieces, so repair is best approached from the outside using a flexible, trowel-on elastomeric membrane.

Find a Trusted Basement Waterproofer

Proper foundation structural repair can be difficult, but with the right expertise and tools you can achieve a quality repair that will last. If you’re planning a foundation repair this spring or want to get ahead of the game with a quality basement waterproofing system, get in touch with Basement Waterproofing Systems: your trusted New Jersey basement waterproofers.